The first step in pool construction is the design and planning phase. This involves determining the pool's size, shape, depth, and features based on the available space, budget, and client preferences. A detailed plan is created, including technical specifications, materials, and equipment required.
Once the design is finalized, excavation begins. The pool area is cleared of any obstructions, and the ground is excavated to create the pool's shape and depth. Proper attention is given to soil stability and drainage.
The next step involves constructing the pool's structural components, which typically include steel reinforcement, formwork, and plumbing. Reinforcing steel bars or mesh are placed to provide strength, and formwork is installed to shape the pool. Plumbing lines for water circulation, filtration, and drainage are installed.
Shotcrete or gunite is a mixture of cement, sand, and water that is pneumatically sprayed onto the pool's structure to create a solid and durable shell. It is applied over the steel reinforcement and formwork to achieve the desired shape and thickness.
Once the shotcrete/gunite has cured, the pool's interior finish is applied. This can include various options such as plaster, tiles, aggregate finishes, or vinyl liners. Additional features like steps, benches, diving boards, slides, or water features are also added during this stage.
Filtration and Circulation Systems
The pool's filtration and circulation systems are installed, including pumps, filters, heaters, and chemical treatment equipment. These systems ensure proper water circulation, filtration, and sanitation, maintaining water quality and clarity.
Decking and Landscaping
The pool area is then prepared and finished with decking materials such as concrete, pavers, or wood. Landscaping elements like plants, trees, and lighting are added to enhance the pool area's aesthetics and functionality.